# 18.14: Historical Counting

1. 3+9+12+12 = 36)

3. (113)

5. (3022)

7. (53)

9. (1100100)

11. (332)

13. (111100010)

15. 7,1,10 base (12=1030) base 10

17. 6,4,2 base (12=914) base 10

19. 175 base (10=1,2,7) base (12=)

21. 10000 base (10=5,9,5,4) base (12=)

23. (135=6,15) base (20=)

25. (360=18,0) base (20=)

27. (10500=1,6,5,0) base 20

29. 1,2,12 base (20=452) base 10

31. 3,0,3 base (20=1203) base 10

33. (32+11=1,12_{20}+11_{20}=1,23_{20}=2,3_{20}=43)

35. (35+148=1,15_{20}+7,8_{20}=8,23_{20}=9,320=183)

37. (450+844=1,2,10_{20}+2,2,4_{20}=3,4,14_{20}=1294)

## Fox Scrapes The Bottom Of The Clinton Conspiracy Barrel

Fox News will host discredited smear merchant Kathleen Willey tonight to attack Hillary Clinton. Willey is not credible -- she has repeatedly been caught contradicting her own sworn testimony and has pushed absurd conspiracies that the Clintons killed her husband and former White House aide Vince Foster.

The website for Fox's The Kelly File currently features the following tease for tonight's episode: “She claimed Bill Clinton sexually harassed her, but former aide Kathleen Willey now says Hillary is the bigger danger to women! Don't miss this explosive interview.” Megyn Kelly's interview will likely cover the same ground as an appearance Willey made on WND reporter Aaron Klein's radio program, during which she claimed that “Hillary Clinton is the war on women.”

Willey's claims about Bill Clinton's supposed harassment have been thoroughly discredited. In 1998, Willey alleged on CBS' 60 Minutes that President Clinton fondled her against her will in 1993 during a private White House meeting in which she asked for a paid position in the administration (she was working as a volunteer at the time). Clinton denied making any sexual advance toward Willey, both at the time and in his memoir. The allegations were explored during discovery of Jones v. Clinton, the lawsuit in which Paula Jones claimed that Clinton sexually harassed her, and reviewed by Independent Counsel Robert Ray.

Ray's report found that “Willey's Jones deposition testimony differed from her grand jury testimony on material aspects of the alleged incident,” noting that Willey “said at her deposition . that [Clinton] did not fondle her.” Ray also pointed out that -- despite Willey's subsequent claims that she had been intimidated near her home shortly before giving her Jones deposition in 1998 -- in her Jones deposition, she “testified no one had tried to discourage her from testifying.”

Ray also found that Willey contradicted herself on whether she had told others about the alleged incident that Willey had sent repeated letters to Clinton after she claims he harassed her in which she “sought help or expressed gratitude” that a Willey friend said Willey had instructed her to falsely support her story and that Willey gave false information to the FBI. The Independent Counsel declined to prosecute Clinton due to “insufficient evidence.”

Since her initial 60 Minutes interview, Willey has offered a series of implausible and conspiratorial claims about the Clintons' alleged efforts to silence her.

Muhammad was a member of the Quraish tribe, which controlled the Kaaba in Mecca. Prior to Islam, the Kaaba was an important pagan pilgrimage site. So that suggests at least what his cousins and extended family may have believed.

Today the Kaaba is the official direction of Muslim prayer and all mosques and prayer locations will have a qibla to orient the supplicant towards the Kaaba (in some Western countries, the qibla is sometimes shorthanded by non-Muslims as pointing "east"). But prior to being the Muslim center of the world, it was a pagan site for centuries.

The Quraish took control of the site generations before Muhammad, and profited from that position. The Quraish generally followed a polytheistic pantheon. The Quraish wiki article quotes The Oxford Handbook of Late Antiquity:

The Qurayshite pantheon was composed principally of idols that were in the Haram of Makka, that is, Hubal (the most important and oldest deity), Manaf, Isaf, and Na'ila.

The wiki article also summarizes Abdullah Saeed, The Qur'an: An Introduction as stating that the Quraish had a pantheon of one higher God with multiple lesser Gods.

Note that the Quraish also formed the early opposition to Muhammad. The earliest stages of the religion were a quarrel over possession of Mecca and the Kaaba, so naturally the more powerful elements of Quraish opposed Muhammad, who was not from the most powerful elements of the tribe. He fled to Medina but eventually defeated Mecca and pardoned his tribesmen, who became early Muslims.

I'm not sure how much that tells you about what historical Muhammad may have believed, but it gives you some sense of the broader social environment.

Firstly, there's no documentation or archaeological data available regarding the matter in question. Arabs of that time were mostly illiterate. There were extremely few individuals who could read and write. The culture of the period was almost entirely based on oral transmission.

All of the reports about his beliefs before prophethood is based on Islamic traditions. These traditions indicate that he was a member of the Arab tribe Banu Hashim who practiced monotheism. Al-Islam.org writes:

There was a small group of monotheists present in Arabia on the eve of the rise of Islam. Its members did not worship idols, and they were the followers of the Prophet Abraham. The members of the families of Muhammad, the future prophet, and Ali ibn Abi Talib, the future caliph, and most members of their clan – the Banu Hashim – belonged to this group.

The OP asked for historical accounts, unfortunately there is unlikely a complete and accurate first hand account Muhammad's life before his prophet-hood, including about his belief. According to Karen Armstrong, "We know practically nothing" about Muhammad's life before his receiving of revelation (and becoming a prophet), because he was not yet a major figure at that time and people did not think it worthwhile to record about him.

Only during the last ten years of his life, after he became a major political leader and people around him realized that history was being made, his life was recorded in much more details.

Muhammad would have probably been brought up in the pagan culture of his tribe.

However, according to accounts, his job as a young man was to lead his uncle's merchant caravans. This would have meant travelling from Mecca to other big trading spots in the area, like Damascus for example. This would have exposed the young Muhammad to Abrahamic monotheism, namely Christianity and Judaism (indeed I believe the hadiths mention that Muhammad's encounter with a Christian monk had a great influence on him, don't quote me on this though).

Hanif is not in fact a religion. Hanif is a description for a believer. any kind of believer having any divine religion like Christian or Muslim can be a Hnif believer.

This can be seen in Quran. when Quran calls the prophet Ibrahim a Hanif Muslim:

Abraham was neither a Jew nor a Christian, but he was one inclining toward truth, a Muslim [submitting to Allah]. And he was not of the polytheists. http://tanzil.net/#3:67

In this verse the two words Hanif (حنیف) and Muslim (مسلم) are used for describing prophet Ibrahim a.s. this translator has translated the word Hanif to "one inclining toward truth".

According to Islamic sources although most of Arabs were polytheists but prophet Muhammad SAWW and his fathers (who are children's of prophet Ibrahim a.s. and Ismael a.s.) never have been polytheists and all have been monotheists. all the genealogy line from Ibrahim a.s. to Muhammad SAWW have been believers and monotheists.

Please note although Muhammad SAWW started preaching Islam at age 40 but this does not mean he himself did not know anything about Islam before it. he was practicing Islam from when he was child and never committed any sin all over his life and if he did not preach Islam publicly before 40 it was for political conditions of that time and if he preached Islam before the suitable conditions and before finding enough secret supporters he would be killed by polytheist state King and state and culture and people of that time and so never could preach Islam. when he started preaching he and his supporters were kept under sanctions and were enforced to live out of city without have any right to buy or sell anything and the polytheists tries to kill him many tiems and after having many fights and wars with polytheists who their boss was Abu Sufyan finally Muslims after many years could conquer Mecca the base of polytheists without war.

He himself said do not follow my ancestors before than Adnan (the 20th ancestor) and connect it to Ismaeel (the son of prophet Ibrahim) because what Arabs say about before Adnan is not correct.

## Fix EXT4-fs bad geometry (block count exceeds size of device)

I have a micro SD card which has a FAT32 partition and an EXT4 partition. The EXT4 partition will no longer mount. dmesg shows the following error:

I've Googled, but still don't fully understand where the problem is (in the partition table? the filesystem?) nor how to fix it. I have attempted a number of solutions:

• Using testdisk to write the partition table
• Using fsck to restore the superblock from the backups (I've tried all of them). e.g. fsck.ext4 -b 163840 -B 4096 /dev/sdb2
• Using fsck -cc to check for bad blocks
• Using resize2fs to set the size of the partition. Output: The combination of flex_bg and !resize_inode features is not supported by resize2fs.

When I run fsck, it comes up with a bunch of errors (full output below), which it claims to fix. If I run it again, however, it shows the same errors all over again, every time.

How can I fix the bad geometry issue and make my filesystem mountable again? How did this happen?

## 18.14: Historical Counting

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When a company such as Visa splits its shares, the market capitalization before and after the split takes place remains stable, meaning the shareholder now owns more shares but each are valued at a lower price per share. Often, however, a lower priced stock on a per-share basis can attract a wider range of buyers. If that increased demand causes the share price to appreciate, then the total market capitalization rises post-split. This does not always happen, however, often depending on the underlying fundamentals of the business. When a company such as Visa conducts a reverse share split, it is usually because shares have fallen to a lower per-share pricepoint than the company would like. This can be important because, for example, certain types of mutual funds might have a limit governing which stocks they may buy, based upon per-share price. The $5 and$10 pricepoints tend to be important in this regard. Stock exchanges also tend to look at per-share price, setting a lower limit for listing eligibility. So when a company does a reverse split, it is looking mathematically at the market capitalization before and after the reverse split takes place, and concluding that if the market capitilization remains stable, the reduced share count should result in a higher price per share.

## NHRA - National Hot Rod Association

The National Hot Rod Association, the largest auto racing organization in the world, has come a long way since Wally Parks founded it in 1951.

Though it has grown into a global sports-entertainment business, NHRA has not lost sight of Parks’ original goal: to provide competitors a place to race. But now those places are deluxe supertracks in major U.S. markets, and the racing runs the gamut from 10,000-horsepower Top Fuel dragsters to 5-horsepower Jr. Dragsters. Drag racing’s journey through the decades has been sometimes swift, sometimes rocky, but always exciting and always worth the trip.

In the 1950s, top performance marks were 140 mph in 9 seconds. Today, they’re more than 330 mph in less than 3.7 seconds. Back then, winners earned little more than a trophy and bragging rights. Today’s racers in the NHRA Mello Yello Drag Racing Series compete for trophies and bragging rights as well as a share of more than \$3 million in prize money.

In 2020, NHRA joined forces with Camping World to present the world’s fastest motorsports attraction as the flagship sponsor of the national touring series, the NHRA Camping World Drag Racing Series.

Under the leadership of President Glen Cromwell, NHRA raced forward in 2020 with a number of key initiatives, including a multiyear partnership with FOX Sports to televise NHRA events from the NHRA Camping World Drag Racing Series, the NHRA Lucas Oil Drag Racing Series, and the NHRA E3 Spark Plugs Pro Mod Drag Racing Series presented by J&A Service . FOX Sports networks aired more than 500 hours of programming throughout the year, highlighted by 17 live race-day shows, including four on FOX’s national network, in addition to primetime Friday night qualifying shows, and fans are in for more of the same this year.

NHRA has extremely loyal fans that are committed to the sport they love, and it’s easy to see why. They continue to have the best access to the behind-the-scenes action of racing. NHRA’s open-pits policy allows fans to get an up-close-and personal view of how teams rebuild engines. Drivers are often found in their pit areas, signing autographs and chatting with fans, who have the rare opportunity to get behind the wheel themselves in a variety of racing simulators in the Nitro Alley Fan Zone. Those are just a few reasons NHRA fans continue to be some of the most loyal in any sport.

If you want to do it with cmd , then the following is the trivial way to do it:

That's assuming the command line. In a batch file you would do

which does things a little nicer. You can drop the >nul in a batch, since set /a won't display the result if run from a batch file—it does directly from the command line. Furthermore the % sign in the for loop has to be doubled.

I've seen quite a few instances where people try nifty tricks with find /c . Be very careful with those, as various things can break this.

Using find /c /v and try finding something that is never included in a file name, such as :: . Won't. Work. Reliably. When the console window is set to raster fonts then you can get those character combination. I can include characters in a file name such as : , ? , etc. in their full-width variants for example, which will then get converted to their normal ASCII counterparts which will break this. If you need an accurate count, then don't try this.

Using find /c and try finding something that is always included in a file name. Obviously the dot ( . ) is a poor choice. Another answer suggests

which assumes several things about the user's locale, not all of which are guaranteed to be true (I've left a comment detailing the problems there) and returns one result too much.

Generally, you want to use find on dir /b which cuts away all the non-filename stuff and avoids fencepost errors that way.

So the elegant variant would be:

which will first output all file names, one line each. And then count all lines of that output which are not empty. Since the file name can't be empty (unless I'm missing something, but Unicode will not trip this up according to my tests).

## 18.14: Historical Counting

This page lists the date and location of all the tornadoes that have occurred in New York from the year 1950. If you are interested in reading about the “worst” tornadoes that have struck New York (and all other states), see this page on our site. If you want to find out about specific tornadoes that have occurred since 2012, check out the NCDC Storm Events page.
Move your mouse over the map to see the county name and FIPS number (Federal Information Processing Standard). Click on the county or use the drop-down menu in the upper right of the map to navigate to your county of interest.
From there you can find data on each county that has had tornadoes since 1950. You will find the tornado ID number, the date, the event number, the time it occurred, the number of deaths and/or injuries caused, the F-Scale or EF-Scale, and the map coordinates. You can even copy the beginning or ending set of map coordinates into Google maps to see the path that the tornado took. If your county is not listed, it has not had a tornado officially listed during this period.

** The storm of November 16, 1989 was not a true tornado, according to many knowledgeable people. This includes Professor Fujita, who surveyed the disaster at the request of the Governor. He found it to be a downburst-type event. Nine elementary students died when they were crushed under a poorly-designed, free-standing cafeteria wall. Exactly why the Albany Office of the NWS office chose to call this event a tornado has been the subject of considerable discussion.

Make repairs to your bike right on the trail.

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The City of Euless offices will be closed on Monday, July 5for the Independence Day holiday. Trash and recycling service will take place as usual.

## 18.14: Historical Counting

Global reach, higher impact

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• Naomi Brooks et al. Strength training improves muscle quality and insulin sensitivity in Hispanic older adults with type 2 diabetes. Cited by 146
• Chikako Kiyohara1 & Kouichi Yoshimasu. Genetic polymorphisms in the nucleotide excision repair pathway and lung cancer risk: A meta-analysis. Cited by 137
• SL Chen & TR Morgan. The Natural History of Hepatitis C Virus (HCV) Infection. Cited by 283

Plasma viral load was positively correlated with VWF adhesive activity, which was elevated in acute relative to chronic treated HIV-1 infection. ADAMTS13 antigen and activity were both positively correlated with plasma viral load, and ADAMTS13 activity was significantly higher in men with acute HIV infection than in uninfected controls, and in both acute and chronic untreated HIV infection relative to chronic treated infection.

Conclusion: These findings suggest that even in the setting of increased ADAMTS13 protease activity, VWF in HIV-1 infection is hyperadhesive, which may favor development of microvascular and arterial thromboses and thereby contribute to increased cardiovascular risk in HIV-1-infected individuals.